Created in February 2019 in view of the 2019 European Elections, Open Candidature is the function that allows 5 Stars MoVement members to freely and independently submit their candidacy before an election appointment.
By filling in their Activist Profile and indicating their political, academic and professional experiences, activists have the opportunity to put forward their candidacy proposal for the regional, political and European elections to which the 5 Stars MoVement competes.
Open Candidature uses a particular selection system: the Merit System.
Each member has the possibility to report within their own Activist Profile, in addition to their area of competence (Agriculture and Fishing; Environment and Energy; Economy; Foreign Affairs and European Union; Justice and Institutional Affairs; Business; Innovation; Education, Research and Culture; Work and Family; Health; Security; Transport and Infrastructures) and other specific skills, also a series of activities that can be translated into "merits" such as having been a list representative for the 5 Stars MoVement, having actively used some of the functions of the Rousseau platform, to have a Bachelor degree or higher, to have a good command of the English language, to have participated in an Open Day or in a Rousseau Village, to have received special awards and honours, to have a particularly valuable professional competence or to have been an elected for the 5 Star MoVimento.
Every merit possessed by the member is shown on his profile in the form of a graphic indicator.
At the time of the online voting for the selection of the candidates who will compose the final list to be submitted to the elections, the aspiring candidates are sorted in descending order according to their merits: the more merits they have, the higher the candidate will be displayed by the others on the list of candidates.
Using this system during the European elections in May 2019 the results were extremely positive. In the first round of voting about 2600 registered voters put forward their candidature to become a Member of the European Parliament. Of these, 70% had a university degree, 1 in 6 a PhD, 53% had a thorough knowledge of English and 14.35% were women. Going forward with the vote, in the second round, there were 200 candidates left, of whom 82% had a degree, 1 in 5 had a PhD and 70% had an in-depth knowledge of English, with an increase in female candidates to 34%. In the third round, with a final list of 76 candidates throughout Italy, 93% had a university degree and the absolute majority of 51.3% were women, making it the list with the highest number of graduate candidates in Italy and the youngest with an average age of 43.
A review process of the Merit System started in July 2020.Â During the Rousseau Village on 25 and 26 July, during a session dedicated to the Level Up - Merit System, members were asked what were the strengths of an effective candidate selection system, what were the current merits considered the most important and representative and, above all, what merits should be focused on in the future when selecting future 5 Stars MoVement candidates.
Taking advantage of the answers indicated by the members, the new Merit System will be born from a process of sharing ideas and experiences during which the members will be able to compare themselves on the best and most suitable ways to select from the bottom the thinking class of the 5 Stars MoVement.